针对直播设计的游戏

Getting Over It with Bennett Foddy.

我无法用语言描述我有多么讨厌这款游戏,这款 2017 年 10 月随 Humble Bundle 发售的游戏,因为特有的「对玩家的敌意」和「似乎永远无法完成的关卡」,在 2017 年底火了足足两个月。YouTube Gaming 和 twitch 上关于这款游戏的视频层出不穷,开发者 Bennett Foddy 不断接受采访揭露一茶匙这么浅的游戏设计理念:「这款游戏是为了伤害一类玩家设计的」他这么说,「在一定程度上,我是为了解构游戏设计,跳出传统游戏制作的桎梏,带着一种暗黑的幽默感来做的 Getting Over It」

随他怎么讲,但我认为,这款游戏是为了 reddit 和 twitch 设计的,它的设计理念只是为了成为一个 meme,迅速占领大家的注意力并且迅速离开,赚一笔快钱,是相当可耻且不配称作游戏的。

解构游戏设计,跳出桎梏,带着一种暗黑幽默感设计的游戏,是 2013 年底由 Galactic Cafe 发布的 The Stanley Parable,它结构和嘲讽了游戏开发者和玩家的微妙关系,试图预见了玩家在面对一款游戏时会做出的所有尝试——甚至在成就系统里,开发者还一定程度上嘲笑了那些成就完美主义者,设计了一个完全不可能完成的成就。The Stanley Parable 是深思熟虑的产物,它甚至相当无趣,但它探讨的关于游戏与玩家的关系具有非常精细的质地。换句话说,它并不是一款为了病毒性传播而制作的游戏。

但在移动流量大爆发的今天,很多游戏开发者确实是在为了直播开发出了类似于 Getting Over It 的游戏,这些游戏制作粗糙,但具有较强的对抗性(无论该对抗是发生在玩家与游戏还是玩家与玩家),可以在反复练习之后炫技。在病毒传播之后,知名主播暗暗较劲在比拼,开发者笑嘻嘻数钱。还有好多类似 Getting Over It 的作品,为了避免招骂在此就不一一列举了。

写申请材料的 Personal Statement (PS) / Statement of Purpose 非常头疼?这是 Caltech 给的建议

在去年(2017 年)准备 PhD 项目申请的时候,Personal Statement (PS) / Statement of Purpose 是我最头疼的部分,这一部分的材料非常需要自我审视和总结,也需要将一些人生偶然粉饰成自主选择,相当难过。加上大部分中国学生的语言壁垒,写好一个能看的 PS 非常难。我的师弟彼时在加州理工 Caltech 做暑期研究,他去参加了加州理工研究生院举办的申请文书写作指导并且分享了当时发放的材料和 PPT 给我,我将它们整理成了文字版,希望能给你带来帮助:

Statement of purpose

It is a document submitted as part of a graduate application that describes your abilities, attributes and accomplishments as evidence of your aspirations for pursuing a graduate education and, beyond that, a career in research.

Main Points

  1. What do you want to study
  2. Why do you want to study that topic
  3. What experience to do you have
  4. What to do you intend on doing when you have earned your Ph.D.

Make yours unique

Stand out from the beginning

Keep it concise and focused.

Address ”Fit” with the particular program or lab.

Emphasize interest in solving relevant problems and addressing research questions.

You should be as specific as possible in discussing what interest you. Use examples of particular phenomena, tools, or situations that you find exciting.

Evidence of experience in order of relevance.

The yawn effect

I love science. I love to study it, research it and I want to devote my life to it. Science is the foundation for all that we are.

Don’t tell me you LOVE it or are passionate about it. SHOW me how you are and what you have done.

What to include

Research, research, research

Focus on future

Support future goals with your experience

“Light bulb” moments

What have you done to prepare for this step?

What are your research interests?

How do those research interests mesh with the program to which you are applying?

What will you contribute to the program?

Why this particular group/program/advisor/institution?

Where will this program lead you?

What not to include

Avoid childhood.

Avoid K-12

Generic information that does not tell them anything about you.

A brochure for the school — they know what they are, but how does that impact you.

Start now

Free write — do not expect your first SOP draft to be perfect

Make a brag sheet — toot your own horn

Take time — write, put it away, edit

Research programs — read faculty’s research and take notes

2nd, 3rd, 4th … drafts

Be clear and concise

Have an angle — you may not even know what it is until your define it

Include information about the program/faculty

Think of yourself as a scientist

Every sentence should have value

Every paragraph should be related to research — post, present or future.

Minimize personal information — research focus!

Special circumstances

It is special to you, but not to the review committee

Make a negative a positive — Spin it

Focus on your strengths

Do not make excuses

Proof read

Your advisor

Other faculty

Your application will be reviewed by faculty so show it to faculty beforehand.

Your friends

People from different disciplines

To include faculty or not?

Include faculty with whom you want to work, this shows you have done your homework.

Contact faculty before you apply to build a relationship.

Mention a few fields/areas that you are interested in.

Write specifically for a department: you do now want an overly general statement.

Writer’s block

Pretend you are writing about a friend.

Just keep writing…anything.

Have a friend read it.

Discuss it with an advisor or friend.

Focus on a different part. Can’t write an opening paragraph? Start with the middle.

Red flags

“My parents both have PhDs and have encouraged me to pursue graduate educations.”

“At this point, I am considering a career in academia or industry.”

Vague, unclear , internal dialog

Not written for that program

Too much personal information

Not able to demonstrate experience in field

Check list

  • Clearly state goal.
  • Motivation for applying to graduate school.
  • Relevant experiences and academic coursework that have prepared you for graduate study in the field.
  • Characteristics and strengths that make you particularly well-suited to graduate study.
  • Future career objectives.
  • Decision to apply to that program.
  • Extenuating circumstance that may have resulted in less than ideal academic credentials for graduate school.

Print, edit, revise, recycle, repeat

Print it out.

Edit with pen in hand.

Read it through start to finish and back to start again. Make sure theme is consistent.

Revise throughly for each program… not just the last sentence. Do not rely on find/replace feature.